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2011年广东学位英语考试试题及答案(3)

来源:广东学位英语考试网 时间:2013-05-16 点击:

51.A censor's duty is ____.
A) to see there is no filthy content in publications or films
B) to ban books and cut films
C) to distinguish works of art from others
D) to make sure that no licence is given to dishonest people
52.Some people are against censorship for the reason that ____.
A) censorship is not consistent with the ideals of democracy
B) censors prevent people from making profits
C) censors are conservative and cannot appreciate artistic merit
D) censorship limits the way people feel and think
53.When the writer says "to equate 'artistic' which 'pornographic', he means ____.
A) there is no clear distinction between what is artistic and what is pornographic
B) masterpieces are sometimes offensive to decency
C) many pornographic works will be published in the name of art
D) artistic works and pornographic works have the same market value
54.According to the writer, a society free from censorship ____.
A) would be poor materially
B) would expose its people to dangers of being corrupted
C) could not develop its entertainment industry
D) would allow only a small section of people to make profits
55.All the following are the writer's views except that ____.
A) censors are fully qualified for their job
B) masterpieces even with pornographic content are still masterpieces
C) society will not do without censorship
D) many books, plays and films are not works of art
Passage 2
Question 56 to 60 are based on the following passage:
A few weeks ago I was talking to a school inspector in one of the more fashionable districts of Paris. She astonished me by saying that if she had young children today, she'd probably send them to a private school. She had devoted 25 years of her life to the ideal of free public education, she said, but the truth was the state system was in a mess.
There are two main problems: State schools in France have to accept whatever teachers are assigned to them by the Ministry of Education. As my school inspector friend put it, "one year a school may be excellent; three or four years later, half the teachers may be incapable!" That is not very reassuring if you're a parent. Private schools can choose their own teachers.
The other problem is discipline or, rather, the lack of it. Not long ago a school in Birmingham made headlines in Britain because the teachers were being terrorized by their pupils. In the desolate suburbs of low-cost apartment blocks, thrown together in the 1960s on the outskirts of most big French cities, such stories are commonplace. Vandalism(破坏他人财产的行为), drug-taking and extortion aren't limited to schools in poor areas either. A recent poll found that 88 per cent of French children rate as the biggest problem of their school lives the prevalence (流行, 猖獗)of factions and gangs which spend all their time fighting one another. Small wonder, then, that the private schools, with their emphasis on traditional values, are undergoing a new surge of popularity (despite disapproval from France's new socialist leaders), and competition to get into the best of them has now become intense.
56.The French school inspector has long been a supporter of ____.
A) compulsory education          B) free private education
C) private schools                D) the state school system
57.The French state education system ____.
A) does not guarantee the competence of teachers    B) seems to have no serious difficulties
C) is running smoothly                            D) promises to maintain high standards
58.Private schools in France today ____.
A) are generally undergoing changes for the worse
B) enjoy the prestige(声望) of becoming the place to send one's children to
C) have become victims of vandalism
D) never hire teachers who stress traditional values
59.Lack of discipline among students is rampant in state schools ____.
A) in the Paris slums, but not in other areas
B) noticeably and solely in the poorer areas in French cities
C) almost everywhere in France
D) rather restricted to Birmingham
60.France children who wish to go to the best private schools can do so by ____.
A) taking highly competitive examinations      B) simply sending in applications
C) joining factions and gangs                   D) drawing lots
Part Cloze ( 10 points, 15 minutes )
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should choose the One that the best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the cettre.
Today vegetables, fish, fruit, meat and beer are canned in enormous quantities. Within three generations the 81 habits of millions have been revolutionized. Foods that were previously 82 may now be eaten at any time, and strange foods are 83 far from the countries where they are 84 . The crops many farmers now produce often depend on the nearness of a canning factory.
The first stage in the canning 85 is the preparation of the raw food. Diseased and waste portions are thrown 86 ; meat and fish are cleaned and trimmed; fruit and vegetables washed and graded for 87 . The jobs are principally 88 by machine.
The next stage, for vegetables only, is soak in very 89 or boiling water for a short time to remove air and 90 the vegetable. This makes 91 easier to pack into cans for sterilization (free from living germs).Some packing machines fill 92 to 400 cans a minute. Fruit, fish and meat are packed raw and cold into cans, and then all the air is removed. 93 the cans are sealed, the pressure inside each can is only about half the pressure of the outside air.
The sterilization process which follows the cans are subjected 94 steam or boiling water, with the temperature and time 95 according to the type of food. Cans of fruit, for example, 96 only 5-10 minutes in boiling water, 97 meat and fish are cooked at higher temperatures for 98 period. After sterilization, the cans are cooled quickly to 32 degree to prevent the contents 99 becoming too soft.
The final stage before sending off to the grocer is labeling, and packing the tins into boxes. Nowadays, however, labeling is often printed on in 100 by the can-maker and no paper labels are then required.
81.A) eat       B) eatable      C) eaten      D) eating
82.A) monthly    B) year-round    C) seasonal    D) quarterly
83.A) accessible   B) obtained      C) available   D) usable
84.A) planting     B) grown      C) growing    D) producing
85.A) process     B) reaction     C) procession   D) program
86.A) about       B) away       C) down      D) up
87.A) size       B) length       C) height      D) breadth
88.A) had        B) fulfilled     C) pocked    D) done
89.A) chilly      B) cold         C) hot      D) freezing
90.A) soften      B) cook         C) steam     D) harden
91.A) them       B) it           C) us       D) that
92.A) up         B) down        C) in         D) on
93.A) When       B) If          C) Although     D) Before
94.A) on         B) to           C) in        D) at
95.A) varies      B) vary           C) varied      D) varying
96.A) cost        B) spend         C) take        D) consume
97.A) as         B) because        C) while       D) for
98.A) less        B) longer         C) shorter      D) more
99.A) off         B) through        C) by         D) from
100. A) fashion     B) before hand     C) advance      D) practice
Part IV English-Chinese Translation (20 points, 15 minutes)
Directions: In this part, there are six items which you should translate into Chinese, each item consisting one or more sentences. They are all taken from the reading passage you have just read.
① (line 1-3, para. 3, passage 1 ) When discussing censorship, therefore, we should not confine our attention to great masterpieces, but should consider the vast numbers of publications and films which make up the bulk (大部分) of the entertainment industry.
② (line 2-3, para. 2, passage 2 ) As my school inspector friend put it, "one year a school may be excellent; three or four years later, half the teachers may be incapable!"
③ (line 5-7, para. 2, passage 3 ) He must serve as a man responsible for the fortune he has earned and use that fortune to provide greater opportunity for all and to increase man’s knowledge of himself and of his universe.
④ (line 2-4, para. 2, Passage 4 ) It is just one of several techniques being tried at U.S. medical schools and hospitals in an attempt to deal with the most universal complaint about doctors: lack of sympathy.
⑤ (line 6-9, para. 1, Passage 5 ) Differentials(差异)in infant mortality were very large---75 per cent higher in poverty than in nonpoverty areas. In both cases, the differences between white and nonwhite were even more substantial than between poverty and nonpoverty areas.
⑥ (line 3-4, para. 4, passage 6) Monitoring by computer has proven to be very accurate and increases early discovery of life threatening events.
Part V &n, bsp; Writing (20 points, 35 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 35 minutes to write a composition on the topic Diligence is the Father of Success. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline (given in Chinese) below.

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